Background of Chinese Scientists’ Research Manuscripts Exhibition in Beijing

Recently, an exhibition of research manuscripts by Chinese scientists was held at the China Science and Technology Museum. It contains more than 150 research articles or manuscripts, notebooks, letters, research notes, etc. of more than a hundred Chinese scientists. In today’s program, we will try to get an idea of ​​the history of science and technology development in China from the research manuscripts of Chinese scientists.

The People’s Republic of China’s difficult history of scientific and technological development efforts and hard work. Over the past 70 years, despite foreign sanctions and non-cooperation in the technology sector, different generations of Chinese scientists have devoted themselves to researching central and important technologies related to the country’s development, putting the country’s interests first. and of the people. Nowadays, scientific and technological innovation is important for all countries. Innovation is closely related to the independent development of a country.

Upon entering the showroom, a newspaper appears. It is by Chu Khe Chen, the founder of meteorology and geography in China. During his lifetime, he wrote a diary of about one million Chinese characters. On January 21, 1956, he wrote in his diary about the best moment in drawing up a development plan for China’s science and technology sector for ten years. In early 1956, then Chinese President Mao Tse-tung and other leaders heard reports from various departments of the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology.

Educator Chu Khya Chen presented the main development proposal as a representative of biology. He wrote in his diary: I never thought that the government would place so much importance on the development of science and technology.

A week after their meeting, work began on drafting China’s first science and technology development plan. According to the plan, from the start of the journey on the path of scientific development, China strives to reach the world’s advanced scientific and technological standards.

The Chinese Communist Party has always emphasized the development of science and technology. The CPC has always invested and continues to invest time, talent, and money in the training of competent scientists in various fields. Thanks to various favorable policies, various generations of Chinese scientists have devoted their tireless efforts to research science and technology with a patriotic spirit and achieved progress in China’s science and technology sector. He improved people’s standard of living. They have made important contributions to the development of the Chinese nation.

Two items from the Shanghai Institute of Entomology can be seen in the exhibition hall. These are the manuscripts of the entomologist Yin Wen Ying. In March 1978, the China Conference on Science and Technology was held in Beijing. Academician In Wen Ying attended the conference and wrote a two-page manuscript based on the detailed conference discussions. He wrote: “China needs many scientists for its modern development. We ourselves will contribute to the development of the country like soldiers on the battlefield. A new journey has begun!

There is a letter from another scholar in the exhibit hall. This is nuclear scientist Wan Chin Chang. In 1979, he was about 72 years old. He then joined the party as a CCP member. In this letter, he expressed his interest in learning from the experience of CPC members and promised to try harder as a new CPC member. Mr. Wang was born before the founding of the People’s Republic of China. He felt sorry for the weak China of the past. He is also a witness of the national war. The independence and independence of the People’s Republic of China is particularly close to his heart. He said: “After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the country achieved true independence. Everyone is working together to build a socialist country under the leadership of the CCP. It was also possible to form a strong country with the same goal.

In recent decades, the West has imposed various science and technology sanctions on China and conducted non-cooperation. In this situation, the Chinese people’s strong commitment to development in the science and technology sector is quite strong. Chinese scientists in various fields keep trying to make new progress in the country’s science and technology sector through various innovations. This is the main reason for the rapid development of China’s science and technology sector.

A letter from Qian San Qiang, the father of the Chinese atomic bomb, was also placed in the exhibition hall. In April 1949, the World Peace Conference was held in Prague, Czech Republic. During the conference, Academician Qian Sun Qiang wrote a letter to Ky Thing Sui, a Chinese researcher working at the Institute of Metals, University of Chicago, USA. He wrote to researcher Q: “The People’s Republic of China is about to be established, I welcome you to the formation of the country.

When the researcher received the letter in May, he wrote to another scholar, Qian Sue Sen. He wrote: “The Chinese Communist Party is looking for qualified people necessary for the development of the country. If talented scientists like you return to China, all Chinese scientists working in the United States will be encouraged to return home. They will come back to China like you and contribute to the development of the country.

At the time, CCP leaders were aware of Academician Qian Sue Sen’s reputation. I contacted him to bring him back to the country. Almost 50 years later, in a letter sent to researcher Ky Thing Sui to celebrate her 80th birthday, Academician Hsien Sue Sen wrote, “I still remember your letter 50 years ago. I came back to China in response to your call. It was a matter of pride for me.

A research academy run by China’s Ministry of Defense was established in November 1957. Academician Chen Ching Xiong debuted as a first-generation Chinese space explorer. Their first task was to search for ‘Missile Antenna 1059’. It was the first antenna for a Chinese-made missile. This antenna is like the eye of a missile. If it is not correct, the trajectory of the launched missile will not be correct.

At that time, the project designed by Russian experts in China was incomplete. So nothing was known about the central antenna technology. Researcher Chen Ching Siong started his research almost from scratch. He studied missile antenna design theory with his team. He not only followed the experience of building Russian missiles but also tried to invent something new from his own scientific research and theories. As a result, he was able to successfully create an antenna of his own design in China.

In the new era, the research work of scientists has played a more important role in the development of the country. Academician Wang Yangyuan of the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology has devoted his life to the development of Chinese chips. The exhibition hall features lectures by Academician Wang on the occasion of the 120th anniversary of the founding of Peking University and the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Department of Computer Science. In it, he wrote: “If we cannot meet this difficult challenge, others will always try to claim us. So I will definitely solve this problem. This is a very important issue for the country and the best opportunity for scientists to contribute to this sector.

He writes by way of example: “Our country trains us like the breeding of silkworms. Now we have to use different technologies to make silk. A leukemia classification manuscript by Chinese hematologist Wang Chen Yi attracted attention at the exhibition. His greatest contribution was the discovery of preventive medicine for acute leukemia. It is a widely used medicine in the world. It has been and continues to be used in the treatment of many patients. Thanks to this manuscript, we can understand the thought of a scientist.

The main goal of his treatment was to correct the cancerous cells. When he discovered a cure for acute leukemia, he didn’t try to make money by patenting it. He is trying to keep drug prices down. As a result, many patients have the opportunity to use this drug. With this discovery, he won China’s highest science and technology award. Regarding this, Dr. Wang said, “I note that my discovery is only effective in treating a specific type of acute leukemia. But there are many types of acute leukemia. This drug is ineffective in treating all other types of leukemia. It was sad for me. Because after working for several decades, we could only solve one kind of acute leukemia problem.

Through this writing, we can understand Dr. Wang’s heartache, and feel his sincerity toward patients. The diary of Lee Tung Ying, a specialist in rare metals, metallurgy, and materials, also attracted the attention of many visitors to the exhibition hall. In July 1949, he was appointed general manager of a mining resource factory in Shenyang City and took charge of local mining operations. From January 1, 1951, he wrote a diary for several decades.

In his diary, he not only recorded daily life but also various topics, including action plans and daily work progress. Every page of the diary shows his keen interest in the study of science and technology. More than 30 kinds of rare metals have been produced in China under his leadership for many years. Thus, it was possible to meet the raw material needs of many military and industrial projects, including “two missiles, one satellite”.

Not only research manuscripts but also the personal letters of scientists have been collected in the exhibition hall. In such letters, the patriotism of scientists and their desire to contribute to the country were expressed. For example, the agronomist Ting Ying, in a letter to his daughter, encourages her to acquire as much knowledge as possible at school. He wants his daughter to grow up and contribute to the development of the country. He also encouraged his two daughters to join the army. They are from southern China. As children, they grew up in hot climates. However, after joining the army, they received training in northern China. He asks them to do well. He always said to the girls: “You are my daughter, but the wealth of the country”. So we have to work harder for the development of the country. Never be lazy.

In fact, since the founding of New China, the achievements in China’s science and technology sector have been the result of the efforts of different generations of scientists. Their patriotism and their work for the country are the basis of these successes. It is also the key to realizing the Chinese dream of China’s development and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Their behavior and spirit will and will have a positive impact on young scientists. Young scientists are also trying to contribute to China’s development.

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