I learned about the Max Planck Society and its many affiliated research institutes during my college days. But there was not much curiosity to know the details about the case. Curiosity has taken its place in the field of knowledge to constantly see the vast scope, expansion and extraordinary achievements of its teaching, research, innovation and various disciplines as it moves toward higher education.
However, the name of NASA, the model of the world’s most powerful country, the United States of America, and its activities, research and innovation is not as well known and discussed as the name of this society and this institution is well known to the common people. The Max Planck Institute is the gathering place of the world’s best geniuses. Kriti Manishi is one of the shining stars of Gnan Tapas.
These research institutes come under the Max Planck Society, based in Munich, Germany. Not one, not two, the number is 86. Outside of Germany, there are 20 research centers in the United States, United Kingdom, France and Japan. In higher education institutions, they work intensively and tirelessly on various subjects and branches of science.
The Institute was created with the aim of advancing scientific research to play a role in the pioneering contribution to human well-being and ushering in a new era in the evolution of civilization. There is no equal or substitute for it in the world. A lot of thorough research and groundbreaking work has in many cases produced an extremely incredible success story. It is the center of intellectual reflection of the world’s best scientists-researchers, saints and thinkers with unprecedented success in creative work, innovation and opening new horizons.
There is no substitute for scientific research into the advancement of human well-being and civilization. With this visionary idea in mind, the German Scientific Society was founded in 1911 as ‘The Kaiser Wilhelm Society in the name of the German King Wilhelm, with the aim of discovering all its latent possibilities through relentless exploration of science and its application to human well-being. (The Kaiser Wilhelm Society) The institution was born in the city of Munich, Germany as an autonomous organization with financial support from the government. The institute’s two-time president was Max Karl-Ernst Ludwig Planck, the renowned theoretical physicist and inventor of the quantum theory of physics in 1900. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918. Transferred in 1919. Born in Kiel, Germany at 23 April 1858. Died on October 4, 1947, in West Germany.
His father, Julius Wilhelm, was a professor of constitutional law, first at the University of Kiel and later at the University of Göttingen. After studies and advanced research at the universities of Munich and Berlin, Planck, who received many rare awards, held important positions at the university. He retired from the University of Berlin as a professor in 1926.
Max Planck, a benefactor of German society and an outstanding research leader in scientific research, relentlessly immersed himself in his work, meeting friends and strangers during the fascist Hitler regime. Though there is a strong hatred and anger towards him, he has digested it in silence, thinking that if progress, achievements and the ability to open new horizons die at home, the country and nations will suffer.
So he continued his work with the shelter of grace, even in the face of several adversities. The burning fire of Hitler’s barbaric oppression bore silently in his heart, but not his child. After the death of the first wife, the three children of the second wife also died young. One of the other two surviving children was caught in the flames of the rebellion and hatched a plan to kill Hitler. If the assassination attempt fails, the child must pay a heavy price with his life.
In 1948, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society was named after the scientist Max Planck. Various scientific research institutes are also affiliated at various times. 38 people have been awarded in three branches of the Nobel Prize – physics, chemistry and medicine from this institution, the best repository of scientific research in the world.
Among them, the Swedish professor of Evolutionary Anthropology at Max Planck University, Svante Pabo, won the medicine prize for 2022. Pabo’s American wife also conducts research at the same university.
The annual expenditure of this institution is 1.8 billion US dollars. In addition to financial grants from the German government, 70% of the cost of this massive institution comes from public finances and research projects. There are 24 thousand employees. Every year, 16 thousand talented young and old researchers from different parts of the world come here to do their best research work.
Their 15,000 research reports have been published in the world’s top scientific journals. Apart from the Max Planck Society, the name of another major organization in Germany is noteworthy here, along with several other organizations. Name Joseph Fraunhofer Society. It departed from Munich in March 1949. The aim was to work on comprehensive economic development, service and welfare-oriented projects of the society.
This institution is responsible for research in applied natural sciences and engineering. Physicist, inventor and industrialist Joseph von Fraunhofer pioneered the simple and transparent concept of scientific practice, research and industrial establishment in Germany. The German Institute for Industrial and Technological Research is named after him. He was born on March 6, 1787. His life unfolds as an incredible story. He was a technician in a mirror and glass factory. My career started in an optician factory owned by Josef Nigelnum in the province of Bavaria. While working here with optical equipment, he became attracted to optics physics. He devoted himself to the study and research of physics.
In this factory, he was able to achieve the desired results on optical lenses by combining theoretical and experimental research. As his name spread from here, he was hired by a research institute in 1806.
Fraunhofer’s optical instruments soon became world-famous. Then he was put in charge of an optical factory. Within a few years he became a partner in that industrial factory. He made a pioneering contribution to the development of optical lenses and devised methods for using them in various instruments. At that time Fraunhofer became a pioneer and proverbial expert in the melting of optical glass. Then the telescope’s progress began. Along the way, Fraunhofer introduced the microscope.
In this way, with his talent, perseverance and efficiency, Fraunhofer continued to rise to the top of success. At the same time, the university’s renowned teachers, talented researchers, inventors, skilled inventors, industrialists and scientists earned their enviable reputation and were at the top of Qatar.
The results of the Fraunhofer Society’s research have been extensively used in the development of new products directly in industrial installations. The important aspect of this is that the young researchers of the institution have just completed their Ph.D. and some of them have started to establish themselves as entrepreneurs of new industries with their own research patents. He has been quite successful. Many industrialists invest in Fraunhofer for research.
These institutions were developed to complement the industrial factories in different parts of Germany. They are incessantly researching the necessary research of industrial plants and potential new industrial product innovations. It is said that the famous Massachusetts Institute of Technology (GOW) in the United States, is the largest research institute in the world in the field of applied natural sciences and engineering research.
Like the Max Planck Institute, the mission, scope and research activities are enormous. There are 76 institutes among them. Each of these is a research unit. The workforce is 30 thousand. It has offices in the US, UK and Singapore. The annual budget is 2.9 billion euros. 2.5 billion or 70% of this comes from industrial contract research. It is an autonomous institution but with financial support from the government.
It is not possible to mention in this short report the unimaginable range of activities, research topics and branches of these two great institutions. So the reader loses his patience while reading. The small and complex topics covered by society and science may not seem easy for even the general reader to understand.
In addition, there is another largest scientific organization of the same type in Germany. Founded in 1995 in the city of Bonn in the name of the German physicist and philosopher Hermann von Helmholtz, known as the Emperor of Knowledge. It’s called the Helmholtz Union or Association. This institution, consisting of 18 scientific, technical, and biological-medical research centers, has 42,000 employees.
The annual budget is 4.56 billion euros. 72% comes from public funds, and 28% comes from contract funds from Helmholtz’s 19 centers. 90% of which is given by the federal government and the remaining 10% is given by the state government. Its mission is to work on solutions to the major challenges of industry, society and science
These three massive institutions have worked relentlessly on fundamental research into various complex issues of modern thought, including art, economics, natural sciences, education, sociology, biology, law, and history. And so there is no alternative to research – a society, nation, country and state have reached the golden pinnacle of development by following this belief, policy, and philosophy.