Humanity has been interested in space since ancient times. For this reason, many beautiful fairy tales have been created. It is a reflection of the beautiful desire of humanity. Today, humanity discovers space thanks to manned space missions. There are so many unknown things in this beautiful space, it surprises everyone. Many countries have undertaken manned space exploration projects; However, only three countries in the world have actually been able to implement it. And China is one of them. So what is the development path of the Chinese space project? How many unknown stories behind? Today I will talk about it.
The inhabited space project is currently the most complex and challenging project in the global technology industry. The strength of this sector reflects the strength of a country’s scientific and economic sectors.
China’s manned space program was officially launched in 1992 and set out a three-phase development strategy. The first phase is planned to launch manned spacecraft and conduct space experiments. The second step is to acquire the space walking technology and launch the space test module. The third step is to build space stations and solve large-scale, long-standing space problems.
Since then, successive generations of Chinese space workers have been self-reliant and made significant achievements in the field of space technology and acquired their own intellectual property technology. Over the past 30 years, China has managed to achieve half a century of success as a developed country.
On October 15, 2003, Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei successfully reached space by Shenzhou-5, China’s first manned spacecraft. After a total of 21 hours and 23 minutes, it returned safely to Earth after completing 14 laps of the designated orbit. China has become the third country in the world to send humans into space.
In fact, it is an arduous journey that lasts for many years.
In 1957, the then Soviet Union ushered in the era of space exploration for mankind by launching the first artificial satellite. On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin performed mankind’s first spaceflight. On May 5 of the same year, American astronaut Alan Bartlett Shepard spent 15 minutes in space, becoming the second person in human history to reach space.
Seeing such a situation, then Chinese President Mao Tse Tung said, so how can we be called a strong country; We haven’t even sent a potato into space yet.
Research on China’s manned space program began in the early 1970s. This project was named project ‘714’. Because it was lifted in April 1971. Over the next 20 years, Chinese space technology developed steadily. However, it is a complex and difficult project.
According to the history of manned space research abroad, the manned space project is the most expensive project in history in terms of its expenditure to GDP, surpassing the pyramids, the Great Wall and the great projects from different eras. According to statistics released by the China Space Projects Bureau, the total cost of the project from the launch of the project to the launch of the Shenzhou-6 spacecraft in 2005 and the completion of the first phase of China’s manned space program has been 20 billion yuan. .
It is also a risky project. “Going to the sky” is one of the most difficult challenges in this world. The latest scientific technology from different eras has been applied here. Carrier rockets, manned spacecraft, aircraft structures are very complex, the number of spare parts is more than ten thousand. Accidents will happen if a part is not perfect.
Building a space station is another important goal in the development of China’s space program. The previous International Space Station was built jointly by 16 countries and territories. This long list includes both developed and developing countries. However, China was not named. Some countries blocked China, resisted China’s development, and wanted to keep China out of the global space station club.
However, Chinese space project workers did not give up. Important technology cannot be purchased. China continues to innovate to develop its own inhabited projects.
Chinese President Xi Jinping said the dream of outer space is an important part of the dream of strengthening the country. The dream of China’s space industry is to explore the infinite universe, improve China’s space research, and build a strong country in the space industry.
Today, China’s Shenzhou-14 is carrying four astronauts into space for a six-month mission. More astronauts will enter China’s space station in the near future, doing more work. The third batch of Chinese astronauts will go into space next year, and the selection of the fourth batch of astronauts has begun. 12 to 14 astronauts will be selected.
Progress in the space sector reflects China’s scientific development. China has always followed the principles of peaceful utilization, equal and mutual benefit and joint development in the development of manned space missions. China has signed cooperation agreements with several space organizations including France, Germany, Italy, Russia and Pakistan and the United Nations Space Department, European Space Bureau and has launched various cooperation and these cooperations have been fruitful.
The Chinese space station is the first project in history open to all UN member states. Currently, 17 countries, 9 projects of 23 groups are included in the first phase of the Chinese space station science experiment project. It testifies to China’s relentless efforts to build a community of shared destiny for mankind in the space sector.
Space belongs to all humanity, it must be used for the well-being of humanity. I believe that in the near future, the Chinese space station will be the “new home” of space exploration for all mankind.