Significance of Science and Technology Education

The current government has placed considerable emphasis on science and technology education to transform human resources into skilled labor. The importance of science and technology education is immense for the socio-economic development of the country and the elimination of unemployment. If the country’s young generation can be skilled in science and technology education, no one can stop the country’s development. If competent teachers are appointed in the newly established universities of science and technology, they can play a positive role in this regard. Many modern subjects are taught in these universities.

Many graduates are now doing higher research in different countries. Many have found employment abroad. We cannot, therefore, deny the contribution of scientific and technological universities. Like renowned universities abroad, universities in this country can also expand educational opportunities in modern subjects by affiliating with a college under their direct supervision. It will spread the light of technology into the homes of uneducated people in remote parts of the country. It will be positive for the country if technology education can be spread to a remote area of ​​the country like this.

Advances in science and technology are changing our way of life. Do we notice daily activities becoming more dynamic? Is there no alternative to being proficient in the knowledge of science and technology to continue successfully in daily life? Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, and other countries that were almost at our level in terms of development 50 years ago, have reached heights by prioritizing knowledge, science, and technology. But we are lagging behind due to development and production planning. In the past, products that were imported from Japan, and Germany, are now imported from Malaysia, Thailand, India, or China. In particular, the Indian government sought the help of foreigners to build world-class educational institutions instead of wheat, which led to the emergence of IITs and the rising of the Indian flag in science and technology in the world today.

At the time of independence, India could not produce good quality blades, now does it send rockets to the moon and discover the existence of water? In every budget that we proclaim loud and clear, the maximum allocation to education? But remember, education is generally recommended to spend 6% of GDP. But what is the maximum number of attribution in Bangladesh, we do not know. This number is lower than that. As published in the newspaper, many schools and colleges do not have enough teachers. The state of science education is not good either. Measures must be taken to overcome this situation.

We must remember that the contribution of Bengalis to science is no less. Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose, Dr. Kudrat-e-Khuda, Satyendranath Bose, PC Roy, Meghnad Saha, Abdus Sattar Khan, Dr. Shah M Farooq, Dr. Maksudul Alam, Dr. Jamal Uddin, and other scientists are world famous. But in the current poor state of science education, it will be difficult to have good-quality scientists in the future. 30-40 years ago, science education was available in remote rural areas, was there a testing system? Now the scope of testing has narrowed. Once the best students in every school felt the thrill of studying in the science department, now science students are trying to gain admission into business education with a degree in physics or chemistry. 30-40 years ago was not such a trend? Does this mean that students do not see the incentive to take an interest in science education?

The slogan of eminent scholars attending a world-class conference held every two years at Shanghai Jiaotong University is, “Create a world-class university? For this, allocate an adequate allowance for research in universities and other research institutes, based on the achievements of universities, ensure wide publicity in the media, publish their rankings and organize awards accordingly. Our point is that if a university can provide technical education to students from poor and remote areas of the country under direct supervision, then we will applaud this initiative. At one time, honors courses were conducted at Sherbangla Agricultural College, Haji Mohammad Danesh Agricultural College, and Patuakhali Agricultural College as affiliated colleges of Bangladesh Agricultural University located in Mymensingh. Later, these three institutions were transformed into universities.

Everyone benefits from the fruits of this far-reaching decision by the then Prime Minister, Jannetri Sheikh Hasina. The Bangladesh Agricultural University was also affiliated with a college named Bangmata Sheikh Fazilatun Nesa Mujib in Jamalpur some years ago. At present, it has also been transformed into a university. In this continuity, the Haji Mohammad Danesh University of Science and Technology has also affiliated with a College of Science and Technology. There are a total of six (6) specialized courses in three faculties of the university. Students are taught there following the university curriculum. The university also plays a direct role in the recruitment of teachers. This initiative is also commendable. If quality science teachers can be appointed in these universities and colleges, science and technology education in the country will improve.

In the college affiliated with the university, the recruitment committee consisting of the professors of this university is formed and the merit is checked by written and oral tests. However, in some cases, after half a century, the teachers now face too many questions, and teacher registration certificates are sought. It’s worth considering how reasonable this is. We want science education to be undisturbed in any way. Emphasis should be placed on the candidate’s academic qualifications, publications, and written and oral examinations when recruiting science teachers, especially at the university and college-affiliated levels.

As we know, NTRC announces the Teacher Registration Examination for recruiting teachers for MPO positions in different levels of MPO-affiliated educational institutions like Lower Secondary (Class VIII), Secondary ( class X), upper secondary (XI-XII), and higher education (PASS). A person who wants to become a teacher and who is qualified obtains a certificate of registration after passing the examination for this subject. Now the question is, has the NTRC ever issued an enrollment test notification for recruiting teachers teaching graduate students? If not, where can a candidate interested in becoming a graduate (specialist) level teacher obtain this certificate of registration? In fact, a teacher who teaches graduate (specialist) students must be an expert in the subject concerned and have superior academic qualifications and publications in this field.

Science teachers who teach at the graduate level (with distinction) in the new and old government colleges in the country should be granted scholarships and study leave to pursue doctoral and post-doctoral studies. Quality education can only be ensured if the teacher is more qualified than the student. Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina rightly places great importance on Ph.D. students. To encourage doctoral students and attract research, he voluntarily increased the number of scholarships granted before. The Ministry of Education also said in a notification a few years ago that if a teacher at a public educational institution has a doctorate, they will receive three increments together.

In many famous universities in the world, one cannot become a professor without a doctorate. The research, publication, and post-doctoral experience of teachers are highly valued in all these universities. There is no truly reliable measure of knowledge. Measuring the quality of teaching is indeed a difficult task. An ideal teacher must have many qualities. However, it is desirable for a teacher to have at least a higher education degree to provide technical education. The Ministry of Education of this tech-friendly government will certainly take appropriate steps to smooth the path of science and technology education. Experienced and qualified teachers are expected to be valued.

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