Although the benefits of technology have permeated our daily lives, technology has not advanced much in killing mosquitoes. This mosquito is a carrier of various diseases such as Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, Malaria. Although scientists have been working on the issue of mosquito control for a long time. Several effective methods have already been developed, although inadequate. This article is organized with some technologies that can protect us from mosquito breeding.
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Mosquito-borne diseases like malaria or dengue can be cured with proper treatment. But sometimes, in developing countries, it can turn deadly if the right drugs and treatments are not provided. Realizing this, researchers at Johns Hopkins University developed a special method to prevent mosquitoes. They applied the CRISPR gene editing method to prevent the malaria parasite. The mosquito malaria gene is deleted by CRISPR or CASH9 gene editing. They have already applied this method experimentally. They discovered that the malaria parasite in the mosquito’s body is destroyed before it reaches a level harmful to humans. However, doubts remain about the application of this method. What if such a gene-editing method has a negative result or the technology falls into the hands of disbelievers? The issue of control of this technology will come to the fore.
the mosquito identification Application
Researchers at the University of Oxford are developing an app that uses machine learning to identify different species of mosquitoes using acoustic sounds. Anopheles mosquito species can be accurately identified through this application. This species of mosquito can spread malaria. The researchers claim that the success rate of detecting Anopheles mosquitoes via the app is 72%. To expand this project, the research team is recording more high-quality sounds from more mosquitoes, so that it is possible to identify 3,600 species of mosquitoes. Although it is not possible to eliminate mosquito-borne diseases through this application, it will give you an idea of possible mosquito-borne diseases.
The drone Dumping
What will it take to kill mosquitoes? How about killing mosquitoes without more mosquitoes? Although it sounds strange, such an unconventional concept has been reported by the robot manufacturing company Virobotics. According to their proposal, sterile mosquitoes would be released by drones in specific mosquito-infested areas. By reducing the number of male mosquitoes, it will be possible to reduce mosquito breeding by up to 90%. The company has already tested the technology of using drones to augment male mosquitoes with special bacteria to prevent the spread of mosquitoes.
Even though mosquitoes carry deadly viruses, this tiny creature can predict big storms. Then they walked away. It is possible to predict storms in the mosquito’s brain using electromagnetic signals. It provides temporary relief from mosquito bites. A company called Nopixgo has developed a bracelet capable of giving out such electromagnetic signals. Their device creates weak waves, which signal thunderstorms to mosquitoes. It repels mosquitoes.
Photonics the barrier
Mosquito nets are used everywhere to protect against mosquitoes. But researchers have developed a photonic net to completely control mosquitoes. It’s basically a special mesh of lasers. A bit like the story of a movie. A special mesh-shaped laser beam is fired to protect against mosquitoes. This is called a “photonic fence”. In a 2010 Ted Talk, Nathan Marvold, CTO of technology company Microsoft, talked about photonic fences. This method is able to kill or completely incapacitate mosquitoes by listening to the sound of their wings using a low-power laser. 99% of mosquitoes can be killed if this device is installed in a home, institution or office and activated as soon as mosquitoes are detected. However, although the issue was discussed about ten years ago, this method has not yet become common. However, several companies have licensed this technology from Microsoft. The US Department of Commerce has also shown interest.
The killer mosquito
When an initiative doesn’t work, genetically modified killer mosquitoes can be released into the field. Meanwhile, the Kentucky-based biotechnology company “Mosquitomate” has produced this type of killer mosquito. In their project, male mosquitoes were created as vectors of mosquito-killing insecticides. When these mosquitoes mate with female mosquitoes, the eggs do not hatch. The United States Environmental Protection Agency officially joined the project last year. Many experiments have been carried out on this subject.