The last decade is said to have been the reign of smartphones. It can be said without a doubt that he will also have a winner in the future. This article discusses the history of the mobile phone and its technology, the favorite object that touches us 2,617 times a day and spends an average of 800 hours a year on it.
The brilliant technology of today’s smartphone or its attractive form, but its improvement didn’t happen overnight. After overcoming various difficulties, it has come in this form today.
Therefore, the history of its evolution is no less interesting than the evolution of fauna. The first clear concept of a mobile phone was discovered in 1908. A US patent then established a telephone-like device for wireless communication in the state of Kentucky. In 1926, the Deutsche Reichsbahn rail authorities provided wireless communication to their passengers from Hamburg to Berlin for the convenience of first class rail passengers in Germany. This initiative was a milestone in the history of wireless communication at that time.
In 1946, the first American cell phone was installed in a vehicle in Chicago. But they were of very low frequency. Not long to wait, however, in 1956 it was significantly improved in Sweden, adding high frequency and rotary dial technology for use in vehicles. At that time, their weight was about 40 kg. A maximum of 125 subscriptions (contacts) could be made there, which was unthinkable at the time. But these were largely unequal ventures, and in most cases commercial interests were heavily involved.
Director of Motorola Communications Systems Dr. Martin Cooper launched the first portable mobile phone in 1973, which weighed 1 kg 100 grams. He looks like a brick and the bad guys weren’t mistaken in calling him “The Brickphone”. It was heavy in price and weight. At that time, to buy it, you had to pay 3,000 euros or 4,000 US dollars out of your pocket. So these people couldn’t afford to buy these things.
Meanwhile, in 1982, 11 countries of the European Union were thinking together, how to spread the idea of wireless communication throughout Europe using this mobile phone. And as always, NMT led the greatness.
However, the year 1987 is to be praised above all else, as an invention from that year ushered in a renaissance in wireless and mobile technology. It was during this time that GSM technology was invented and used.
As a result, international phone calls across national borders, different frequency bands and low cost operations are possible. And with that, the excellence of mobile technology is growing rapidly. Where previously cell phone use was limited to talking, the year 1992 brought a major change. The world’s first courier service started that year. In England in 1996-97 the number of mobile phone users was 16%, a decade later that number had risen to over 80%. Not only in England, but also in other developed countries, its demand was constantly increasing. However, some telecom company policies, such as pay-as-you-go, contract-free services, Vodafone prepaid plans, etc. contribute to it.
The year 2000, the beginning of the 21st century, saw mobile technology innovate. Nokia has joined this adventure by bringing the all-in-one mobile phone model 3310 to market.
Around 126 million units of the sneaky device have been sold. Along with this, Sharp Corporation launched the first camera phone in the Japanese market, the sharp S-JH04. Europe, however, had to wait a little longer to get a camera phone, in 2002 Nokia launched its 6750 model phone in the European market.
Year 2007-09; The amount of advancement in mobile technology in these three years exceeds the past 30 years. In 2007, the technology giant Apple launched its first smartphone in the market. It has become very popular due to its outstanding features. But there was no shortage of early commentators about this apple; Nokia’s CEO once said that for the high price of $499, Apple wouldn’t be able to hold the market for long.
A year later, Android phones also hit the market. Gradually, the popularity of well-known telecom giants like Blackberry, Nokia, Ericsson was declining.
A revolutionary change has come in the iOS and Android operating system. Apple creates a separate platform for its user applications, which is now called “App Store”. Android also came with such a platform after some time called “Android Market”. Later, however, the name was changed to “Play Store”. This has created a huge ecosystem, which has a current market value of US$77 billion.